It is your own responsibility to insure yourself against unemployment.
As opposed to all other forms of social security in Denmark, unemployment insurance is voluntary. This means you are not automatically insured against unemployment.
You can take out unemployment insurance with an unemployment insurance fund (so-called a-kasse in Danish). The funds are private associations that – in most cases – are associated with trade unions and other professional organisations, but it is not mandatory to be a member of a trade union in order to become a member of the unemployment insurance fund.
Can I sign up for unemployment insurance?
You can become a member of an unemployment insurance fund if you are at least 18 years of age, still have 2 years left before you reach your old age pension age and reside in Denmark (or another EU/EEA country and work in Denmark). You can become a member either:
- As an employee, within a profession covered by the unemployment insurance fund.
- As a business owner or by helping run a business owned by your spouse.
- After having completed a business related education of at least 18 months in duration and applied for membership of the unemployment insurance fund no later than two weeks after completion of your studies.
A list of all unemployment insurance funds can be found here: A-kasser i Danmark (in Danish)
You are entitled to unemployment benefit, if you have been a member of an unemployment insurance fund for at least one year and your income for the past three years has been at least 223,428 kr. (2017-rate)